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International Coffee Day: When is it, history and coffee-making tips at home

International Coffee Day: When is it, history and coffee-making tips at home

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ach year people around the globe get to celebrate their love for coffee on International Coffee Day.

The event, first established in 2015, aims to raise awareness of the work that goes into coffee-making and promote the fair trade of coffee.

Coffee is one of the best-loved beverages around the globe, so it’s only right that there’s an international coffee day to celebrate it.

Here’s everything you need to know.

When is International Coffee Day?

International Coffee Day is on October 1 every year.

It was established seven years ago in Milan by the International Coffee Organisation.

What is the history behind coffee?

Coffee comes with a beloved history.

It is thought to have been discovered in Ethiopia around the ninth century. There, legend says a goat herder called Kaldi first discovered the potential of coffee when he noticed the stimulating effects it had on his goats and began experimenting.

Kaldi made a drink with the berries the goats ate and found that it kept him awake for a long period of time. He reported his findings to the abbot of the local monastery and knowledge of the energising berries spread east towards the Arabian peninsula.

By the 16th century, coffee became well-known in Turkey, Syria, Egypt and Persia, where public coffee houses began to appear.

European travellers in these areas brought back stories of an usual dark black beverage and, by the 17th century, coffee became popular across the European continent.

Not everybody was welcoming of coffee at first, in fact when it first arrived to Venice in 1615, the local clergy condemned coffee calling it the “bitter invention of Satan”.

The ban was lifted when Pope Clement VIII tried coffee for the first time and enjoyed it.

At around the same time, coffee houses were increasing in quantity in England, where people could drink coffee and engage in stimulating conversation. These coffee houses were better known as “penny universities” because it cost one penny for a cup of coffee.

There were more than 300 coffee houses by the mid-17th century, and they were attended by all sorts of people, from merchants to artists.

The demand for the beverage helped kick start many businesses.

Coffee-making tips to try at home

If you’re serious about good coffee, here are a few things to try out.

Make sure you’re using fresh, whole-bean coffee.

Weighing your coffee beans will help you achieve the same great brew every time. If too much coffee is used, the brew may be under-extracted and it will taste sour, but if you don’t add enough coffee the result will be flat and watery.

Although all coffees have a different mass, the general guideline is to measure one to two tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water. Or 20g of coffee to 300ml of water.

You will also notice a significant difference if you stick to filtered water and pour it at the right temperature. The ideal water temperature is 90C to 96C, according to the National Coffee Association.

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